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Introduction to Operant Conditioning

Operant conditioning (sometimes referred to as instrumental conditioning) is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. Through operant conditioning, an association is made between a behavior and a consequence for that behavior. Operant conditioning was coined by behaviorist B.F. Skinner, which is why you may occasionally hear it referred to […]

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Less Invasive EEG With Chaos Theory Helps ID Autism Early

For many years, behavioral testing and observation have been the only way to determine if a child is autistic, often causing distress and confusion for parents. However, now the application of the standard electroencephalogram (EEG) combined with borrowed math from chaos theory, may enable doctors to read brain wave patterns and identify levels of autism […]

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Life on and Slightly to the Right of the Autism Spectrum: A Personal Account

By Stephen Shore www.autismasperger.net THE AUTISM BOMB Most of us are inducted into the Autism Community by what I call the “Autism Bomb.” Autism often strikes a typically developing child at approximately 18 to 24 months with a sudden, dramatic loss of speech and contact with the environment. Self-stimulatory behaviors (“stims”) such as hand flapping […]

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FAQ on Intellectual Disability

WHAT IS AN INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY? Intellectual disability is a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning (reasoning, learning, problem solving) and in adaptive behavior, which covers a range of everyday social and practical skills. This disability originates before the age of 18. IS INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY THE SAME AS DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITY? Not exactly. Developmental […]

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Augmentative and Alternative Communication

Augmentative/alternative communication systems (AAC) involve the use of personalized methods or devices to supplement a person’s ability to communicate. There are many types and methods of AAC and most individuals use a combination of systems/devices depending on the communication situation. Unaided AAC systems are those that require no additional pieces of equipment. These include manual […]

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